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Coagulants are chemicals that react with oil to form rubber-like solids. Some advantages of coagulants are that they react with oil to form rubber-like solids which can be removed using nets. Some disadvantages are that large amounts of the coagulants needs to be applyed to the oil for it to work, almost three times the volume of the spill. For oil spills of millions of gallons it is impractical to store, move, and apply such large quantities
Q: how much oil has spilled into the Gulf of mexico spill in total?
A: 4.9 million barrrels.
Q: how much of that oil have we recovered?
A: 8 hundred thousand barrels.
Q: how much oil spilled into the Gulf?
A: 4.2 million barrels.
Q: how far did the oil spread?
A: 28,958 square miles, about the size of south carolina.
Three ways we can prevent oil spills are too: stop them at the sorce and lower our oil consumption, perfect our technology so that, I don't know, our blowout preventers don't fail? Or we could check all the systems better befor putting them into use.
Bioremediation is the use of biological agents and biological agents are chemicals or organisms that increase the rate at which natural biodegradation occurs. Some advantages of Bioremediation are that with the Bioremediatio applyed the oil biodegrats faster. Some disadvantages of Bioremediatio are that the oil still biodegrats over a long period of time.
Animals are cleaned if their contaminated by oil by first wiping any extra oil off the animal and then, using dish soap, you wash all the other oil off. Then dry the animal and offer it some food. (the hole prosses was too long, so I made it shorter)
Dispersing agents, also called dispersants, are chemicals that break petroleum oil into small droplets. Some advantages of dispersants are that the oil can break down faster in the small droplets. Some disadvantages of dispersants are that they dispersants used are aproximatly 10,000 times more lethal th biota than the oil itself.
Sorbents are verry absorbent materialls that are used, like the skimmers to absorbe the oil. Some advantages of them are that they absorbe the oil that has been spilled. Some disadvantages of sorbents are that once oil has been absorbed by the sorbents, it can not be extracted from them.
In situ burning is where people will, through a controlled burn, people will burn oil that has been coralled by booms (upper right corner). Some advantages of doing this are that the oil them forms a tar like substance that can be manualy removed. Some disadvantages of this are that the smoke prodused is highly toxic.
A skimmer is an absorbent strip that people use to absorb oil that has spilled. Some advantages of skimmers are that they are really absorbent so they suck up allot of the oil that has been spilled. Some disadvantages of skimmers are that they are hard to deploy over long distances and need lots of hare.
If a spill occurs in the U.S. the Environmental Protection Agency (E.P.A.) is responsible for the clean up.
A boom is a non-absorbent strip that people use to contain oil that has spilled and keep it away from the shore. Some advantages of booms are that they keep oil from reaching the shore. Some disadvantages of booms are that they can't absorb the oil, only contain it.
On April 20, 2010 the Deepwater Horizon exploded and sank and the spill began. The spill happened in the Gulf of Mexico.